Starting a home garden is one of the finest and the most rewarding thing you can do if you are looking forward to having fresh and healthy vegetables and fruits on your table all year round. Apart from these, there are other key benefits associated with a home garden, some of which you will reap once you have established a garden at your backyard.
To be in a position to reap the reward that comes with owning a home garden, there is a cost that you must be ready to pay; getting dirty. For beginners, especially those who were raised in families where they never had an opportunity to do farming, establishing a home garden might be a headache since they might not even know where to start leave alone what to plant.
That why we saw the need to prepare this 7 step guide that you can follow if you are a beginner who is planning to start a home garden;
1. Consider Your Options First
This is the first step, and it basically involves reasoning out on what to establish for the first time in your new home garden. Whether it’s a vegetable garden, flower garden, or any other option you might be having. If you choose to make it a vegetable garden, then decide on the vegetable to establish, either its cabbage, kales, cucumber, etc.
If it a flower garden, then know the kind of flowers you want in terms of fragrance, color, smell, the type of lifespan they exhibit; annual or perennial, among other options.
2. Site Selection
Before you select the spot where you will start your garden, there are a couple of things you need to consider. First, look for an area in your backyard that received enough sunlight for the better part of the day. This will ensure that your plants will be receiving enough sunlight every day.
There is also the need to determine the sloppiness of the area since a more sloppy area will give you a hard time to prepare while to somewhat level ground might have poor drainage.
3. Site Preparation
Once you have selected the spot where you will start your home garden, the next step is to prepare the areas. This is usually done by clearing all the vegetation by slashing. This can be followed by digging, especially if it’s on a virgin garden. Digging helps to open up the soil, encourage aeration, water infiltration and buying of organic materials in aim to improve soil fertility.
4. Initiate Soil Improvement Strategies
Before taking any step intended to improve the soil in your garden, the first and the wisest thing to do is to take the soil to the lab for analysis. This way, you will be able to know what you’re dealing, i.e. what needs to be amended and at what levels.
5. Prepare Your Garden Ready For Planting
The level of preparation required in a given garden will mostly be determined by a number of factors. For instance, if you are planning to sow seed, then you need to have finer tilth, unlike a case where cuttings are to be propagated.
6. Plant Your Pick/ Plant Of Choice
Planting should be carried out once the land is optimally ready to receive the planting materials. At this stage, ensure there is enough moisture in the soil, the propagated materials are well covered, etc. It’s of great importance to ensure that the seed you use are certified and are free from any disease attack since this might compromise their germination.
7. Observe And Carry Out Routine Management Practices
By just establishing the planting materials on the ground, that doesn’t necessarily mean it time to clean your hands, sit back and wait for the harvesting season, No! In fact, this is the time when you are required to be more knee and observant on what is happening in your garden.
For instance, if it’s during dry the season or rain is not sufficient to support plant growth, watering is essential. More so, there is a need to control weeds through weeding. You can also do mulching, which will help in smothering weed growth and also conserve water loss.
In case of any disease or pest attack, this is when spraying is needed to avoid heavy losses. For best and healthy farming practices, the use of homemade insecticides, which are mostly made from natural materials is recommended in aim to eliminate chemical use.
If all the above steps are well carried out in a sequential manner and timely, then be ready to harvest fresh and healthy products from your backyard. Try them today and thank me later!!
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